Top 10 most extreme places on earth
Extreme places on earth: Do you know where the most extreme places on the planet ?
Read the post to the end and find out.
№10.Pamplona (Encierro), Spain
Extreme places on earth: The small town of Pamplona is a calm and quiet place. But once a year, Pamplona becomes one of the most extreme places on the planet – in the week of the Encyclopaedia.
The Enquerro is the Spanish national custom, consisting in fleeing from bulls, cows or calves specially emptied from the corral. The holiday became known all over the world after the novel by E. Hemingway “And the sun rises (Fiesta)”.
The most famous enchantra in Spain takes place in the city of Pamplona during the holidays of St. Fermin (from July 7 to July 14 in the morning). The entire route of the run (from the paddock to the arena along the city streets) is enclosed by wooden barriers from the bars, which are easy enough to climb (or crawl under them). The length of the route is about 1 km. Everyone can flee: from members of local clubs of fans of bullfighting to foreign tourists.
Many runners fall and often get serious injuries. The largest number of victims was recorded in 1924. This year, 13 people were killed and 200 injured. In 2009, a 27-year-old man was killed.
The movements for animal rights hold protests against the Encyclical, including in the form of “human Enrique.”
№9.Villarrica volcano, Chile
Extreme places on earth: Villarrica is the most active volcano in Chile and one of the most active in the South American continent. It is located in the South Andes in the homonymous National Park, towering above the homonymous lake.
The height of Villarrica is 2847 m. It has a rich history of recorded eruptions. The volcano is part of the caldera – an extensive basin – which was formed 3,500 years ago. In addition to Villarrica, there are about 30 slag cones and volcanic faults in the basin.
The Villarrica volcano attracts tourists not only with its beauty and power, but also with the fact that you can go skiing and snowboarding.
Existing volcanoes are in themselves extreme places to visit, but for 10,000 dollars you can make your visit to the volcano even more extreme and arrange a bungee jumping from a helicopter right above the volcano. The service includes six days of accommodation in the city’s hotel, meals, helicopter flight over Villarrica and equipment.
№8. Chernobyl, Ukraine
Extreme places on earth: Everyone has heard about the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster that happened on April 26, 1986. Measures to eliminate the consequences of the explosion of a nuclear explosion began immediately after the accident and continue to this day.
After the radiation level in the area of the station has decreased, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone has become an object open for visiting. The first tourists appeared in the 30-kilometer exclusion zone in the mid-1990s, when the radiation level dropped significantly.
Dozens of tourist companies began to appear, which were engaged in organizing excursions to the Exclusion Zone. In 2002, the UN report comes out, according to which from now on it was possible to be in the exclusion zone without much harm to the human body. Starting from this year, the number of tourists who visited the Exclusion Zone began to grow relentlessly, on average by two thousand people per year. Forbes magazine in 2009 called the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant the most “exotic” place for tourism on Earth.
Yet this place remains dangerous and when visiting the Exclusion Zone it is necessary to observe a number of rules:
• It is forbidden to travel around the area without a guide.
• Visitors are obliged to wear only a closed, tight-fitting clothing.
• It is not recommended to smoke and eat in the open air.
• It is not recommended to touch buildings and structures, as well as plants.
• It is not recommended to sit down and put any objects on the ground.
• It is not recommended to drink water from land sources located in the exclusion zone.
• It is strictly forbidden to remove and remove from the exclusion zone any items.
When leaving the zone at the checkpoint, dosimetric control is carried out. In the case of a high level of radiation contamination, items are to be seized. Despite the reduction in radiation levels, a visit to the exclusion zone is still associated with a health risk. The organizers of the tours are not responsible for the health of visitors, so before entering the exclusion zone you will have to sign a signature about your agreement with this item.
№7. Station East, Antarctica.
Extreme places on earth: The station “Vostok” is the Russian Antarctic Research Station. This unique station was founded on December 16, 1957. It is located in the center of the continent, among ice and snow. The thickness of the ice cover under the station is 3700 m.
Station “East” is a symbol of inaccessibility. The station is located 1253 km from the South Pole and 1260 km from the sea coast. 120 days here continues Polar night – from the end of April to the end of August. The population of the station does not exceed 40 people.
Low temperatures, a height of more than three kilometers above sea level, complete isolation from the world in winter make it one of the most inconvenient places for people to stay on Earth. Despite the hardest conditions, life in the “East” does not stop even at -80 ° С. Scientists are engaged in research of a unique under-ice lake, which is located at a depth of more than four kilometers.
July 21, 1983 there was recorded an absolute minimum of temperatures -89.2 ° C.
№6. Tigress Monastery, Thailand
Extreme places on earth: Tigress Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in the west of Thailand. It was founded in 1994 by the abbot of Pra Acharn Phusitis Kanthitharo as a forest monastery and a shelter for wild animals, among which there were several tigers.
To visit near these fierce predators, they can be fed and patted only in the Tigrin monastery. The first tiger cub was brought to the temple in 1999. The monks came out of the beast, and he got on well with people even when he was an adult. More than 130 tigers lived in the temple.
Despite the tigers’ taming, there were accidents. Time about the time the tigers scraped tourists.
But on May 30, 2016, Thai police and representatives of the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Preservation of Plants began to export all tigers from the monastery. During this operation, about 40 dead cubs were found in the veterinary office of the monastery. The monastery was accused of selling tigers on the black market.
№5. Mountain trail of El Caminito del Rey, Spain
Extreme places on earth: El Caminito del Rey is on the slope of a steep cliff in the village of El Chorro in Malaga, Spain. It was recently opened after reconstruction. Closed the same dangerous path in the world after the death of 5 people who tried to pass it in 2000.
The structure consists of concrete and crutches and railroad tracks driven into the rock. The road is located at a very large distance from the earth, its length is 3 kilometers, the width is only 1 meter.
The trail was built between 1901 and 1905 with the aim of moving construction materials for power stations on the Chorro and Gaitanheho waterfalls. It was named after the visit of King Alfonso XIII, which passed through it to the site of the solemn opening of the dam in 1921. Over time, metal supports and concrete structures deteriorated, and the trail required reconstruction.
Despite the official ban on visits, there were extremals who still passed along the Royal path, using safety equipment. On the Internet there are videos devoted to such an extreme passage of the trail.
The trail was opened on March 29, 2015 and is mentioned in the list of the best new attractions of the guidebook Lonely planet.
№4.Danakil, Ethiopia / Eritrea, Africa
Extreme places on earth: Danakil is a desert in the north of Ethiopia and southeast of Eritrea. The desert area is 100,000 km2. People are inhabited by Afar, who are mainly engaged in salt extraction.
High temperature, low humidity, poisonous fumes, faults from earthquakes, sulfur lakes make this place dangerous for tourists.
However, despite all these dangers, the desert of Danakil is a popular tourist attraction. Before those who ventured to visit Danakil, there are magnificent views, depicting a cosmic, extraterrestrial landscape.
No. 3. Everest, Nepal / Tibet
Extreme places on earth: Every year, climbers from all over the world try to conquer the highest mountain in the world – Everest. The height of the peak is 8848 meters. When climbing, climbers face the following difficulties: lack of oxygen in the air, low temperature, hurricane wind, threat of convergence of avalanches, etc.
The first official expeditions appeared here in the 20-ies of the XX century. For the first time the summit was conquered in 1953 by Sherp Tenzing Norgay and New Zealander Edmund Hillary. At various times, when attempting to climb to the top, 287 people died, but in spite of this, there are new people yearning to conquer Everest.
№2.Plateau of Ennedi, Chad, Africa
Extreme places on earth: Ennedi is a mountain plateau made of sandstone in the Republic of Chad, surrounded by the sands of the Sahara. The mountain plateau of Ennedi is one of the wonders of nature.
To get here is very problematic due to a number of factors: the lack of developed tourist routes, prosperous banditry among the local population that lives in poverty, political unrest. Earlier, it was possible to get to Ennedi only by joining caravans, but now safari on off-road cars became popular here.
But all the difficulties go to the background when you get to the plateau of Ennedi. Rocks of sandstone with a height of 120 m, natural arches, balancing stones, ancient petroglyphs on the rocks.
Arches on the Ennedi Plateau have long tried to conquer dozens of rock climbers from around the world, and only in 2010 a group of climbers led by Mark Sinnott managed to climb to the highest of them.
№1. Keimada Grande Island, Brazil
Extreme places on earth: Keimada Grande or Snake Island, is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 35 km south of the coast of the Brazilian state of São Paulo. The area of the island is about 0.43 km2.
The island is called a snake, because it is teeming with thousands of snakes. It’s a real serpentarium in the open. There is not a single house or hotel here, only an empty lighthouse.
Here is found one of the most dangerous snakes on the planet – spearhead island Bottrops (Bothrops insularis), which has one of the strongest poisons. The bite of Botrops causes rapid necrosis of tissues, acute renal failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, cerebral bleeding death in 7% of cases.
On the island, the main inhabitants have no natural enemies, so this is the ideal place for their prosperity. Snakes here breed all year round, one female is capable of producing up to 50 individuals.
On the island there is no other living creature, since any animal immediately becomes prey for snakes. They feed mainly migratory birds, who sit quietly on the branches of trees, unaware of the deadly danger that awaits them.
Once the snakes lived on the mainland, but people set fire to the jungle and drained the swamps. Gradually, the snakes were pushed to the island. According to experts, Keimada-Grandi and the mainland connected a narrow isthmus, on which the snakes moved. As a result of geological processes, the isthmus descended into the sea, and the island was at the disposal of the poisonous settlers.
Snakes repeatedly defended their rights to the island. They kicked banana planters in the 19th century, killed 3 lighthouse keepers. After all, people are tired of fighting the scourge and the government of Brazil has declared the Serpentine Island a prohibited area for visits. This is the only known case in history when the serpent community completely displaced human territory.
Despite the prohibitions, boats with tourists are swimming off the coast of the island, who want to take a look at the scrap of land that is swarming with poisonous snakes.