California Condor and Andean condors
California Condor and Andean condors: Condor, common name of two great American vultures: the condor of the Andes and the one of California. Both are considered among the largest and heaviest flying birds in existence. The Andean condor has a wingspan greater, reaching 3.5 m, while California does not exceed 2.9 m. The latter is somewhat thicker; can weigh up to 14 kg. The male Andean condors weigh about 11.5 kg.
(What is Mean of Condor?)
The two species of condors have black plumage like soot, with a large white area on the wings. This is located on the upper face in the Andean and lower in the Californian. The first has a bare pale red head and the males have a prominent fleshy crest on the forehead. The lower part of the neck is girt with a white feathered collar. The California condor lacks a crest and adults have bare heads, whose skin is yellow and bright red. Long, pointed feathers of black color form the collar of his neck.
These birds lay a single egg on the protruding rocks (Andean) or on the floor of the caves (Californian). The offspring develop very slowly, and begin to fly at six months of age. Both species feed almost exclusively on carrion; although, occasionally, the Andean condor can attack wounded or newborn animals.
Condor of the Andes
The Andean Condor is located along the Andes mountain range, from Venezuela and Colombia to the Strait of Magellan. Sometimes it descends to the coasts of the Pacific, to the colonies of waterfowl, to feed on its eggs. In prehistoric times, the California condor was widely distributed, then it became an endangered species and, for many years, was found only in California (United States) and in the California peninsula (Mexico) in the San Sierras Pedro Mártir and Juárez. In 1987, some specimens were taken to captivity and in 1988 a breeding program was successfully started, with the intention of obtaining enough individuals to permit their return to wildlife in areas.