Dangerous volcanoes :In the past, people thought that volcanic eruptions were the punishment of the gods. Today we understand that this is not so. Volcanic eruptions occur excessive accumulation of very hot magma, which makes its way to the surface of the earth through holes in the earth’s crust, that is, through the craters of volcanoes. When this magma reaches the surface, the consequences from it are catastrophic.
We have gathered for your attention the top ten most dangerous volcanoes in the world, which can flare up at any time and create devastation around in a matter of hours.
The Taal Volcano, Philippines
This slag cone of the volcano is located on the island of Luzon, in Lake Taal. It is located just 31 kilometers from the city of Manila, whose population is about 1.6 million people. Scientists believe that this volcano erupted about 33 times. And it is reliably known that in 157 magma burned down the population that lived near the active volcano. It is also worth considering that the volcano requires study because of the high danger to humans and the environment.
Wolkan Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
Also, the locals call this “Father” volcano. Ulawun is a symmetrical volcano located on the island of New Britain. Its height reaches about 2334 meters due to what is included in the number of not only the most dangerous volcanoes in the world, but also the highest.
Ulawun is an active volcano. Since the 1700s, there have been 22 eruptions. Locals regularly observe how in the crater of a volcano there are tiny explosions with a splash of lava and ash.
Nyiragongo Volcano, Democratic Republic of the Congo
It is considered the most active volcano on the African continent. The Nyiragongo volcano is famous for lava lakes, which mostly appear in the crater. This volcano is an active threat to people living in its surroundings.
One of the last strong eruptions in 1977 led to the death of several hundred people. Victims could have been much greater if people had not been evacuated on time. Lava, erupted by a volcano, destroyed almost all residential buildings located at the foot of Nyiragongo.
Merapi Volcano, Indonesia
Local residents call this volcano “Fire of Fire.” It is also considered one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes in the world. Scientists claim that earlier the activity of this volcano lasted for more than 10,000 years to a number.
About 1,300 people died during the last largest eruption of the Merapi volcano, which occurred in 1930. Since then, the government of the city of Yogyakarta, which is located at the slope of the volcano, has developed a special plan for the evacuation of citizens.
Volcano Galeras, Colombia
This volcano is located in the young part of Colombia. Galeras was active for about 1 million years. At its slope is a city with 450,000 inhabitants, which is called Pasto.
In modern times, the active volcano began in 1978, but it showed no significant activity. Then, another ten years later, a new eruption occurred. But, the worst thing is that since 2000, Galeras has regularly erupted, albeit with a small force.
The volcano of Sakurajima, Japan
It is a composite volcano located in Japan. Previously, Sakurajima was located on a separate island. He has a very high level of activity.
Every year, scientists record small eruptions from the crater of this volcano, in which ash is emitted into the atmosphere and dissipates in all neighborhoods. In case there is a more serious eruption, a large number of residents located near the city of Kagoshima will be in mortal danger.
Volcano Popocatepetl, Mexico
The peak of this volcano is covered with a glacier. Popocatepetl is located only 35 miles from the city of Mexico City. Also within the radius of damage from a possible eruption is a lot of people living in this district. Since 1519, Popocatepetl erupted more than 20 times.
The last time the eruption occurred in 2000. Then they managed to evacuate people in time and save thousands of lives that one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world could carry away.
Yellowstone Caldera, USA
Tourists from all over the world feel attracted by bubbling springs in the Yellowstone National Park. The beauty of this park is breathtaking and inspiring for visitors. Nevertheless, under this beauty there is a dangerous volcano that will burn out the entire western part of the USA.
The Yellowstone caldera really is huge. People have never witnessed his eruption, but scientists have learned that the last eruption of this volcano occurred hundreds of thousands of years ago. Experts suggest that the volume of “splashed” lava on the surface that time period was 25 thousand times more than the eruption of St. Helens in 1980.
Vesuvius volcano, Italy
Probably the most famous volcano in the world It is located in the region of Campania, Italy. The last eruption of Vesuvius occurred in 1944, but fortunately there were no serious consequences. About three million people live in close proximity to the slope of the volcano. The houses of these people are located 5 kilometers from Vesuvius. Therefore, it is also considered the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.
Vesuvius is the only volcano on the European continent that has been active in the last century. His most famous eruption occurred in 79 AD, as a result of which the nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried beneath the lava.
Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii
Mauna-Lao is the most dangerous volcano in the world and the largest. The last time he erupted in 1984. Lava caused severe damage to the surrounding area. However, there is also very good news – the erupting lava of Mauna-Lao is very slowly spreading around the neighborhood, which gives additional time for evacuation.
Mauna-Laon also represents another devastating threat to the environment in the form of landslides. Although this is a very rare process, but it’s really worth it.